Freeman A. Hrabowski, III
August 30, 2016
The poet William Carlos Williams wrote, “It is difficult to get the news from poems, yet men die miserably every day for lack of what is found there.”
So, I begin today with words of another poet, the late Maya Angelou. She spoke these words at the inauguration of President Bill Clinton in 1993, before many of you were born.
On the Pulse of Morning (Excerpts)
Lift up your eyes upon
The day breaking for you.
Give birth again
To the dream.
Women, children, men,
Take it into the palms of your hands.
Mold it into the shape of your most
Private need. Sculpt it into
The image of your most public self.
Lift up your hearts
Each new hour holds new chances
For new beginnings.
Here on the pulse of this new day
You may have the grace to look up and out
And into your sister’s eyes, into
Your brother’s face, your country
And say simply
My central point today is that the way we think about ourselves as a society, as a university, and as human beings – the language that we use, the way we interact with each other, the values that we hold – will shape not only who we are today, but who we will be in the future. In essence, our dreams and values determine our destiny.
Convocation is that special time each year when our campus community assembles to welcome new students. We’re excited that you’re here. You are entering the university at a very special time, the celebration of UMBC’s 50th anniversary.
Each of you is beginning a new stage of life, and it’s important to appreciate the significance of a college education and attending UMBC, in particular. When we were founded, only 10% of American adults had four-year college degrees. Today, 33% of Americans, or one in three, hold a bachelor’s degree (36% white, 22% African American, 15% Hispanic, and 54% Asian American). In response to the emergence of China, India, and several other countries as global competitors, America has substantially raised its educational goals to 60% of American adults having two- and four-year degrees by 2020 (compared to about 42% today). To achieve this ambitious goal and maintain the nation’s status as a global leader, we must dramatically increase our numbers of college graduates.
While it’s true that more Americans than ever are attending college, the percentage of young adults with four-year degrees is not increasing substantially. American adults, in general, are second in the world for bachelor’s degree attainment. But younger Americans, 25 to 34 years old, rank 12th globally in bachelor’s attainment. All this means that for the first time since the middle of the 20th century, we cannot say that each generation of Americans will have more education than the one before it. What is especially troubling is that college completion is heavily stratified by wealth. Eighty percent of those from the top income quartile earn a bachelor’s degree by age 24, while only 10 percent from the lowest income quartile do so.
One of the biggest challenges is that about half of students who started college have not finished. (In fact, there are 31 million Americans who started college in the past 20 years and have no degree.) In contrast, at UMBC, we fully expect that all of you will graduate. As this campus was opening its doors 50 years ago, coincidentally, I was beginning college in Virginia as a nerdy 15 year old. I remember the speaker saying to our class, “Look to your left; look to your right; one of you will not graduate.” I watched some of my classmates already believing that the speaker was talking about them, and it did become a self-fulfilling prophecy. A number did not graduate. At UMBC, we say, “Look to your left; look to your right; our goal is to make sure all of you graduate.”
We want you to set high expectations for yourselves – both in your studies and in your life – just as we set high expectations for ourselves in how we support you. So, please keep the following themes in mind: you are important to us, and we are determined both to challenge you and to provide the support you need; own your education by getting involved in and outside of the classroom; and get to know each other and support each other. Our goal for each of you is that you graduate prepared to lead a meaningful life. You are here chiefly to prepare for the rest of your life – and you will have the greatest influence on your own success.
One of the reasons that UMBC has been successful over the past 50 years is that we listen to students. Each year, I ask returning students for advice to pass on to new ones. Here’s some of their advice:
Keep an open mind.
Don’t be afraid to ask for help – we all need help.
Show interest in your classes (and go to your classes – on time – in the first place).
Get to know professors and staff, and ask them to tell their stories.
Take full advantage of opportunities for internships and research.
Challenge yourself by getting out of your comfort zone.
Look for opportunities to network and to connect with other people.
Take responsibility for your mistakes.
UMBC is a community where people truly care about one another. Many of you have already bonded these past few days – residential students during move-in, transfer students during activities at the National Aquarium in Baltimore, and commuter students at an off-campus ropes course or the Commuter Challenge Cup on campus. During Welcome Week, we want all of you to learn about the university and have fun – but most important, we want you to make connections. We know that students who support one another are the most likely to thrive and to succeed academically. You are not in this alone.
You are now a part of a campus that has become one of America’s distinctive public universities. This past year, U.S. News & World Report ranked us #4 among the nation’s “Most Innovative Schools,” joining MIT and Stanford in the top five. The magazine also ranked us #6 in the country for excellence in undergraduate teaching. We are consistently named a “Best Value” by national publications, and the Princeton Review just commended our Career Center because our graduates are entering the job market with confidence. Large numbers of our students go on to graduate and professional schools and excel. Most important, UMBC is nationally recognized as a model for innovation, particularly for supporting students – from first-year seminars and undergraduate research to service-learning initiatives and intellectual competition. We’re also very proud of our athletes, half of whom are on the Dean’s list. (Give all of our athletes a round of applause.) Two Retrievers just represented their countries in the Olympics. Mohamed Hussein ’14, a current master’s student in engineering management, represented Egypt as a member of its swim team, and Cleopatra Borel ‘02, interdisciplinary studies, competed in her fourth Olympic games as a member of the Trinidad and Tobago track and field team.
Some of you may be a little anxious about starting college, which is perfectly natural. You’ll become more comfortable the longer you’re here, and you’ll quickly realize that the goal is not simply to earn a degree and then find work or go to graduate school (though those achievements are important). How many of you know what you want to major in? All of you – those who have decided on a major and those who are undecided – will benefit from the courses you’ll take in our General Education program, encompassing the arts, humanities, social sciences, and the natural and physical sciences. This work may be even more important than your major; it’s a critical part of your education. What’s most important is that you learn how to learn and become passionate about learning and life. What you are getting here is a liberal education.
What precisely do we mean by “liberal education”? The word “liberal” comes from the Latin adjective “liber,” meaning “free.” The word “education” comes from both the Latin verb “duco,” meaning “to lead,” and the prefix “e,” which means “out of.” Defined literally, then, “liberal education” means “the free act of leading out of.” Most often, “liberal education” has been associated with free people, who, unlike slaves or indentured servants, had time to cultivate the intellect. Another interpretation of “liberal education” is education for its own sake – the freedom to think and explore ideas in any direction. This freedom is the greatest opportunity you will find here.
A few years ago, one of my mentors, the late James Freedman, former President of Dartmouth College, told his graduating class that a liberal education was “the surest source of a satisfying life.”
A liberal education that lasts a lifetime will inspire you to strengthen the foundation of your moral identity and to explore the ordeal of being human – the drama of confronting the darker side of the self; the responsibility of imposing meaning on your life and society; the challenge of transcending the ambiguity-entangled counsel of arrogance and modesty, egotism and altruism, emotion and reason, opportunism and loyalty, individualism and conformity.
Your liberal education will equip you with the skills you’ll need to grow. More important, you’ll develop a way of thinking about – and appreciating – your own story and the stories of others. In the classroom, you’ll practice thinking critically, writing and speaking clearly, and listening attentively. Outside the classroom, you’ll have opportunities to learn about leadership and team building, and to practice thinking on your feet and explaining concepts with clarity.
For years, I’ve been telling students about the late I.I. Rabi, who won the Nobel Prize in physics in 1944. Rabi taught us that being passionate about learning depends on being passionate about asking good questions. Rabi grew up in New York City, where, after school each day, the neighborhood mothers asked their children, “What did you learn today?” Rabi’s mother, however, asked a different question: “Did you ask a good question today, Izzy?” Years later, when Rabi was asked how he became a world-class scientist and scholar, he answered that his mother deserved much of the credit: “Asking good questions made me become a good scientist.” The lesson is never stop asking good questions.
Surely, many of you already wonder about “life after UMBC” and where your education will lead you. You’ll be inspired by what some of this year’s graduates are doing this fall. Many are beginning their studies at the top graduate and professional programs across the country. Other graduates are launching careers with major corporations, agencies, public school systems, non-profit organizations, and start-ups, focusing on financial analysis, software engineering, education, human services, public policy, and dance. Most important, if you begin now exploring ways to connect with faculty and staff who can help you identify and get immersed in research opportunities and internships, you’ll have many options as you prepare to graduate a few years from now. In addition, faculty will know you well enough to write impressive letters of recommendation for you. Before the year is out, I hope you all will have gone to both the Career Services Center to learn more about internships and careers and the Shriver Center to learn more about service-learning opportunities.
The fact that you’re a student here means that you are well prepared. You have strong academic records, high test scores, and rich experiences in your backgrounds. Yet, you might be surprised to know that we have students here who are not even teenagers. What is my point? We can always find people who are even higher achievers than we are. What’s important is mindset and grit. Pioneering psychologist Angela Duckworth defines grit as “a special blend of passion and persistence” that is key to success. Characteristics of grit include courage, conscientiousness, possession of long-term goals, resilience, and orientation toward excellence rather than perfection. There’s a reason we call ourselves the “House of Grit.” One of our new students shared at our Fall Opening Meeting that she came to UMBC because of True Grit, our retriever mascot. She was joking, of course, but everybody does love our “gritty” mascot. In fact, we will be having a puppy parade on Saturday, September 17, as part of our anniversary celebration. In all seriousness, though, this is a place that values grit. What is important is that we work to be the best we can be – and to support each other.
I challenge you to work hard, to be passionate about your education, and to envision and dream about your future. I also challenge you to be actively engaged in the campus community. Be a part of each other’s success – as partners in study sessions, labs, artistic performances, and civic engagement; as teammates on the court or athletic field; as members of campus clubs and student organizations; and simply as friends. Some friendships you make here will last your lifetime.
There’s always plenty to do at UMBC, but you can’t know if you don’t get out and ask about what’s going on. I encourage you to visit the Involvement Fest on September 7, from noon to 3 p.m., where you can find out about our more than 250 student organizations. Be a part of campus governance through the Student Government Association; keep the campus informed through The Retriever Weekly; elevate student research and creative achievement by contributing to the UMBC Review and Bartleby. We want you to connect with faculty and staff – they are national and international experts in their fields, and they care about you. Get to know their stories because they, too, will inspire you. A number of our students start companies during their time at UMBC, and I encourage you to participate in our annual Idea Competition. Also, take time to attend and enjoy a wide range of events – from Theatre and Dance Department productions to performances by the UMBC Symphony Orchestra to Humanities and Social Sciences Forum lectures and athletic events. You’ll see that we take pride in having increasingly exciting athletic activities.
UMBC is now your home – and you have more freedom than ever to make choices that will affect you and others around you. It’s important to balance this new freedom with a heightened sense of responsibility. That starts with seeking out accurate information about campus life. For example, you shouldn’t assume that all students drink. In fact, a majority of first-year students tell us that they do not consume any alcohol during a typical two-week period, and large numbers of our upper-classmen say the same. Nationally, 40 percent of students report that they engage in binge drinking – while UMBC students report binge drinking at half that rate.
We are very proud of the good choices most of our students make, but we are also very concerned about those students who do make decisions that put their lives at risk. Data from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism tell a chilling story: each year, while under the influence of alcohol, more than 1,800 college students die; that is five deaths per day. It is also the case that 78 Americans die from opioid overdoses every day. We take the harmful and often illegal use of alcohol and drugs very seriously. The message I want you to hear is that UMBC is an academically serious place – and it’s a place where students find creative ways to have fun. If you choose not to drink, you will find plenty of company. You can help maintain this community standard by encouraging those around you not to drink or, for those who are of legal age, to drink responsibly. We want you to use your freedom wisely and grow in character. We believe deeply in the importance of academic and personal freedom and integrity. We want you to make good choices. “Be Your Best Self!”
You’re entering UMBC at a time of great change. I could never have imagined, as a young adult, that one day I would have an opportunity to welcome this very special group of university students from all over the world. Just over fifty years ago, in 1963, I was a 12-year-old math nerd and in my first year of high school in Birmingham, Alabama. That May, while I was solving math problems in church, I heard a man speak about the Civil Rights movement that was dividing our town, and our country. If the children march, Dr. King said, the country will see that all they want is dignity and opportunity – and the chance to receive the very best education. After all, where would America be without an educated citizenry? I marched peacefully, alongside dozens of other children – and we were all thrown in jail.
After several days, Dr. King led our parents on a march to the jailhouse for an evening vigil of song and prayer for all the children. I remember looking out the windows of the jail at our parents and hearing Dr. King say, “What you do this day will have an impact on generations as yet unborn.”
The reason I continue to tell this story is that it lets people know more about who I am, where I come from, the challenges I have faced, the dreams I have. I challenge you to know your story. Stories inspire us. I want each of you to reflect long and hard over these coming years on your story and its significance in your life – but not just reflect, I want you to tell your story. One of the classes being taught this semester includes a focus on developing an elevator speech. An elevator speech is a brief story used to define your job, for example, or what’s important to you as a person. It should be short enough to be delivered in the amount of time it takes to ride up an elevator, 30 seconds to two minutes. I will often ask students between the first floor and tenth floor of the Administration Building to give me an elevator speech. In crafting such a speech, you must think hard about what you will say about yourself to someone new. How do you capture the essence of who you are in a couple paragraphs? The college experience allows us to go deeply into the meaning of self, of life, and of the big questions we will face.
Beyond knowing yourself, get to know the stories of people at UMBC – and especially people beyond these hallowed walls. Yesterday, many of you took part in the New Student Book Experience about Not In My Neighborhood by Antero Pietila – an examination of how race has impacted where we live – and by extension, who we are as individuals and a society. The book is an illuminating look at discrimination and systemic inequality in a great American city, Baltimore. That the book focuses on a place we all hold dear – the home – makes its insights all the more powerful.
The book experience, like your UMBC experience, is designed to challenge you intellectually and personally and to take you beyond your comfort zone. You’ll have opportunities to explore new ideas and meet people different from yourself. UMBC is a microcosm of the world – our students, faculty, and staff come from every state and more than 100 countries, and they have wide-ranging backgrounds in terms of academic interests, race, ethnicity, religion, politics, sexual orientation, and culture. If you keep an open mind, you will enjoy learning about others – their cultures and religions, interests and attitudes, strengths and weaknesses. You’ll also learn about characteristics we all share – our fears, hopes, and dreams – and you will grow.
UMBC is committed to preparing leaders who will focus on social justice and help the nation reduce inequality and discrimination, whether talking about race, ethnicity, gender, LGBTQ, religion, or income. Our BreakingGround initiative focuses on community engagement and social change. Through our Shriver Center students can engage with the local community and participate in service learning. For example, students can connect with the center’s Choice Program, which provides mentors and 24-hour support services for hundreds of Baltimore youths, mostly boys and young men, who have been involved with the justice system. Our Women’s Center offers a wide range of programming, support and discussion opportunities, as does our Mosaic Center, which supports cross-cultural education and collaboration. Across departments on campus, you will find more than 150 courses and projects focused on the challenges of Baltimore and issues of diversity and social justice. I encourage you to get involved, whether through the Shriver Center, the BreakingGround Initiative, or any of a number of other opportunities. Through those initiatives, and in other ways, you have the opportunity to make a difference in the world – supporting a child, helping a senior citizen, reaching out to others in need, and creating lasting change in your community. You are preparing to be a leader in our country and in the world.
It was 50 years ago that I was sitting where you are as a freshman. I was a nerdy kid, loving math. I had no idea what my future would hold. All I knew was that I wanted to learn as much as possible and do my best, and that’s all we can ask of you. In Samuel Beckett’s Molloy, one of the main characters speaks of watching the dancing of the bees. “Here,” he says, “is something I can study all my life, and never understand.” He says it with such great rapture because he understands that the more we learn, the more we appreciate how much more there is to know. The more we study, the more we appreciate the importance of knowledge and of being able to learn new things. That is the essence of education – We always keep learning. We keep focusing on that which is yet to be understood.
At Commencement, I always ask students what they are planning to do now that they have graduated. One year, a woman came across the stage and, when I asked her that question, she looked at me with such conviction and said: “I’m going to change the world.”
There is my challenge to each of you – to think broadly, to dream about the endless possibilities for your own lives, and to prepare to change the world. The ineluctable question is, What will you do during the next 50 years of your life? Dreams and values. Welcome to UMBC.
Watch your thoughts; they become your words.
Watch your words; they become your actions.
Watch your actions; they become your habits.
Watch your habits; they become your character.
Watch your character; it becomes your destiny.
Again, welcome to UMBC. The journey begins.